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Negative affectivity: The disposition to experience aversive emotional states

A number of apparently diverse personality scales—variously called trait anxiety, neuroticism, ego strength, general maladjustment, repression-sensitization, and social desirability—are reviewed and are shown to be in fact measures of the same stable...

Effect of alendronate on risk of fracture in women with low bone density but without vertebral fractures: results from the Fracture Intervention Trial.

Context.— Alendronate sodium reduces fracture risk in postmenopausal women who have vertebral fractures, but its effects on fracture risk have not been studied for women without vertebral fractures.Objective.— To test the hypothesis that 4 years of...

The Design and Implementation of FFTW3

FFTW is an implementation of the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) that adapts to the hardware in order to maximize performance. This paper shows that such an approach can yield an implementation that is competitive with hand-optimized libraries, and describes...

The MOS 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36)

The SF-36® Health Survey is a 36-item instrument. The SF-36® Health Survey measures the following eight health concepts, which are relevant across age, disease, and treatment groups: Physical functioning; role limitations due to physical health problems;...

Location-aided routing (LAR) in mobile ad hoc networks

A mobile ad hoc network consists of wireless hosts that may move often. Movement of hosts results in a change in routes, requiring some mechanism for determining new routes. Several routing protocols have already been proposed for ad hoc networks. This...

Self-rated health: a predictor of mortality among the elderly.

Data from the Manitoba Longitudinal Study on Aging are used to test the hypothesis that self-rated health status is a good predictor of mortality among the elderly. The data are for 3128 elderly noninstitutionalized residents of Manitoba Canada who were...

Exercise Training and Nutritional Supplementation for Physical Frailty in Very Elderly People

Background Although disuse of skeletal muscle and undernutrition are often cited as potentially reversible causes of frailty in elderly people, the efficacy of interventions targeted specifically at these deficits has not been carefully studied. Methods...

TOWARD A METABOLIC THEORY OF ECOLOGY

Metabolism provides a basis for using first principles of physics, chemistry, and biology to link the biology of individual organisms to the ecology of populations, communities, and ecosystems. Metabolic rate, the rate at which organisms take up, transform,...

Nutritional ecology of the ruminant

P.J. Van Soest, P.J. Medina Garzón, J.W. Czerkawski

Evaluating Model Fit

Mary C. Hill, Claire R. Tiedeman

The Glomerular Permeability Determined by Dextran Clearance Using Sephadex Gel Filtration

A method is described for measuring glomerular permeability by dextran clearance using Sephadex gel filtration technique. Clearance is shown to be a function of molecular size, decreasing with increasing molecular weight. At a mol. weight higher than...

Insulin resistance : a multifaceted syndrome responsible for NIDDM, obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease

Diabetes mellitus is commonly associated with systolic/diastolic hypertension, and a wealth of epidemiological data suggest that this association is independent of age and obesity. Much evidence indicates that the link between diabetes and essential hypertension...

Multi-Objective Optimization Using Evolutionary Algorithms

From the Publisher:Evolutionary algorithms are relatively new, but very powerful techniques used to find solutions to many real-world search and optimization problems. Many of these problems have multiple objectives, which leads to the need to obtain...

Academic capitalism : politics, policies, and the Entrepreneurial University

The globalization of the political economy at the end of the twentieth century is destabilizing the patterns of university professional work developed over the past hundred years. One of the major changes that has taken place as a result of globalization...

Cooperative diversity in wireless networks: Efficient protocols and outage behavior

We develop and analyze low-complexity cooperative diversity protocols that combat fading induced by multipath propagation in wireless networks. The underlying techniques exploit space diversity available through cooperating terminals' relaying signals...

The Population Ecology of Organizations

A population ecology perspective on organization-environment relations is proposed as an alternative to the dominant adaptation perspective. The strength of inertial pressures on organizational structure suggests the application of models that depend...

Testing for Common Trends

Cointegrated multiple time series share at least one common trend. Two tests are developed for the number of common stochastic trends (i.e., for the order of cointegration) in a multiple time series with and without drift. Both tests involve the roots...

Structural Inertia and Organizational Change

Theory and research on organization-environment relations from a population ecology perspective have been based on the assumption that inertial pressures on structure are strong. This paper attempts to clarify the meaning of structural inertia and to...

Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error (with an Application to the Estimation of Labor Supply Functions)

In this paper, I present a simple characterization of the sample selection bias problem that is also applicable to the conceptually distinct econometric problems that arise from truncated samples and from models with limited dependent variables. The problem...

The p53 tumour suppressor gene.

Arnold J. Levine, Jamil Momand, Cathy A. Finlay

Well-being : the foundations of hedonic psychology

Daniel Kahneman, Ed Diener, Schwarz, Norbert, Dr. phil

Microwave Mobile Communications

From the Publisher:IEEE Press is pleased to bring back into print this definitive text and reference covering all aspects of microwave mobile systems design. Encompassing ten years of advanced research in the field, this invaluable resource reviews basic...

Intellectual Capital and the Birth of U.S. Biotechnology Enterprises

We examine the relationship between the intellectual capital of scientists making frontier discoveries, the presence of great university bioscience programs, the presence of venture capital firms, other economic variables, and the founding of U.S. biotechnology...

Interpretive Barriers to Successful Product Innovation in Large Firms

The development of commercially viable new products requires that technological and market possibilities are linked effectively in the product's design. Innovators in large firms have persistent problems with such linking, however. This research examines...

Validation of open:closed arm entries in an elevated plus-maze as a measure of anxiety in the rat.

A novel test for the selective identification of anxiolytic and anxiogenic drug effects in the rat is described, using an elevated + -maze consisting of two open arms and two enclosed arms. The use of this test for detecting such drug effects was validated...

A genetic model for colorectal tumorigenesis

Eric R. Fearon, Bert Vogelstein

Meshless methods: An overview and recent developments

Meshless approximations based on moving least-squares, kernels. and partitions of unity are examined. It is shown that the three methods are in most cases identical except for the important fact that partitions of unity enable p-adaptivity to be achieved....

Thumbs up or thumbs down?: semantic orientation applied to unsupervised classification of reviews

This paper presents a simple unsupervised learning algorithm for classifying reviews as recommended (thumbs up) or not recommended (thumbs down). The classification of a review is predicted by the average semantic orientation of the phrases in the review...

BLAST+: architecture and applications

Sequence similarity searching is a very important bioinformatics task. While Basic Local Alignment Search Tool (BLAST) outperforms exact methods through its use of heuristics, the speed of the current BLAST software is suboptimal for very long queries...

Haploview: analysis and visualization of LD and haplotype maps

Summary: Research over the last few years has revealed significant haplotype structure in the human genome. The characterization of these patterns, particularly in the context of medical genetic association studies, is becoming a routine research activity....

Prognostic Impact of Coronary Vasodilator Dysfunction on Adverse Long-Term Outcome of Coronary Heart Disease

Background —Endothelial vasodilator dysfunction is a characteristic feature of patients at risk for coronary atherosclerosis. Therefore, we prospectively investigated whether coronary endothelial dysfunction predicts disease progression and cardiovascular...

Marker tracking and HMD calibration for a video-based augmented reality conferencing system

We describe an augmented reality conferencing system which uses the overlay of virtual images on the real world. Remote collaborators are represented on virtual monitors which can be freely positioned about a user in space. Users can collaboratively view...

A logic for default reasoning

The need to make default assumptions is frequently encountered in reasoning about incompletely specified worlds. Inferences sanctioned by default are best viewed as beliefs which may well be modified or rejected by subsequent observations. It is this...

Genome maintenance mechanisms for preventing cancer.

The early notion that cancer is caused by mutations in genes critical for the control of cell growth implied that genome stability is important for preventing oncogenesis. During the past decade, knowledge about the mechanisms by which genes erode and...

European Review of Social Psychology

Wolfgang Stroebe, Miles Hewstone, A.S.R. Manstead

Spectrophotometric assay and properties of the angiotensin-converting enzyme of rabbit lung

A sensitive, fixed-time, spectrophotometric assay for angiotensin-converting enzyme measures the rate of production of hippuric acid from hippuryl-L-histidyl-L-leucine (HHL). The angiotensin-converting enzyme from rabbit lung acetone powder extract, when...

Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies of diagnostic accuracy: the STARD initiative

This work has been made available to the staff and students of the University of Sydney for the purposes of research and study only. It constitutes material that is held by the University for the purposes of reporting for HERDC and the ERA. This work...

The bullwhip effect in supply chains

Hau L. Lee, V. Padmanabhan, Seungjin Whang

Maximum likelihood from incomplete data via the EM algorithm

A. P. Dempster, Nan M. Laird, Donald B. Rubin

A Method of Measuring Eye Movemnent Using a Scieral Search Coil in a Magnetic Field

With the subject exposed to an alternating magnetic field, eye position may be accurately recorded from the voltage generated in a coil of wire embedded in a scleral contact lens worn by the subject. Using two magnetic fields in quadrature phase and two...

A simple, fast, and accurate algorithm to estimate large phylogenies by maximum likelihood

The increase in the number of large data sets and the complexity of current probabilistic sequence evolution models necessitates fast and reliable phylogeny reconstruction methods. We describe a new approach, based on the maximumlikelihood principle,...

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