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A Quantitative Measure Of Fairness And Discrimination For Resource Allocation In Shared Computer Systems

: Fairness is an important performance criterion in all resource allocation schemes, including those in distributed computer systems. However, it is often specified only qualitatively. The quantitative measures proposed in the literature are either too...

Development and testing of a general amber force field

We describe here a general Amber force field (GAFF) for organic molecules. GAFF is designed to be compatible with existing Amber force fields for proteins and nucleic acids, and has parameters for most organic and pharmaceutical molecules that are composed...

Modes of Foreign Entry: A Transaction Cost Analysis and Propositions

A “frontier issue” in international marketing is the appropriate choice of entry mode in foreign markets. The objective of this paper is to offer a transaction cost framework for investigating the entry mode decision. This framework provides 1) a...

Measures of association for cross classifications

When populations are cross-classified with respect to two or more classifications or polytomies, questions often arise about the degree of association existing between the several polytomies. Most of the traditional measures or indices of association...

The mdm-2 oncogene product forms a complex with the p53 protein and inhibits p53-mediated transactivation

A cellular phosphoprotein with an apparent molecular mass of 90 kd (p90) that forms a complex with both mutant and wild-type p53 protein has been characterized, purified, and identified. The protein was identified as a product of the murine double minute...

Tract-based spatial statistics: Voxelwise analysis of multi-subject diffusion data

There has been much recent interest in using magnetic resonance diffusion imaging to provide information about anatomical connectivity in the brain, by measuring the anisotropic diffusion of water in white matter tracts. One of the measures most commonly...

Soil Mechanics for Unsaturated Soils

D. G. Fredlund, H. Rahardjo

Do Behavioral Biases Affect Prices

This paper documents strong evidence of behavioral biases among Chicago Board of Trade proprietary traders and investigates the effect these biases have on prices. Our traders appear highly loss-averse. Traders who experience morning losses are about...

Features of Similarity

The metric and dimensional assumptions that underlie the geometric representation of similarity are questioned on both theoretical and empirical grounds. A new set-theoretical approach to similarity is developed in which objects are represented as collections...

Database system concepts

From the Publisher:This popular text in database systems is used in departments of computer science,computer engineering,and electrical engineering. The revision includes more material on SQL,relational models,logical databases,"QB" and "Datalog. "

Discrete-event system simulation

Jerry Banks, John H. Carson, Barry L. Nelson, D. M. Nicol

Expression monitoring by hybridization to high density oligonucleotide arrays

This invention provides methods of monitoring the expression levels of a multiplicity of genes. The methods involve hybridizing a nucleic acid sample to a high density array of oligonucleotide probes where the high density array contains oligonucleotide...

Principal Component Analysis

Svante Wold, Kim Esbensen, Paul Geladi

The formalin test: an evaluation of the method.

The formalin test for nociception, which is predominantly used with rats and mice, involves moderate, continuous pain generated by injured tissue. In this way it differs from most traditional tests of nociception which rely upon brief stimuli of threshold...

Neuronlike adaptive elements that can solve difficult learning control problems

It is shown how a system consisting of two neuronlike adaptive elements can solve a difficult learning control problem. The task is to balance a pole that is hinged to a movable cart by applying forces to the cart's base. It is argued that the learning...

Statistical power analyses using G*Power 3.1: Tests for correlation and regression analyses

G*Power is a free power analysis program for a variety of statistical tests. We present extensions and improvements of the version introduced by Faul, Erdfelder, Lang, and Buchner (2007) in the domain of correlation and regression analyses. In the new...

Acute Kidney Injury Network: report of an initiative to improve outcomes in acute kidney injury.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a complex disorder for which currently there is no accepted definition. Having a uniform standard for diagnosing and classifying AKI would enhance our ability to manage these patients. Future clinical and translational research...

Gaussian-2 theory for molecular energies of first- and second-row compounds

The Gaussian‐2 theoretical procedure (G2 theory), based on a b i n i t i o molecular orbital theory, for calculation of molecular energies (atomization energies, ionization potentials,electron affinities, and proton affinities) of compounds containing...

Disruption of the mouse mdr1a P-glycoprotein gene leads to a deficiency in the blood-brain barrier and to increased sensitivity to drugs

We have generated mice homozygous for a disruption of the mdr1a (also called mdr3) gene, encoding a drug-transporting P-glycoprotein. The mice were viable and fertile and appeared phenotypically normal, but they displayed an increased sensitivity to the...

GETTING STARTED WITH YEAST

The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is recognized as an ideal eukaryotic microorganism for biological studies. Although yeasts have greater genetic complexity than bacteria, they share many of the technical advantages that permitted rapid progress in...

An introduction to multisensor data fusion

Multisensor data fusion is an emerging technology applied to Department of Defense (DoD) areas such as automated target recognition, battlefield surveillance, and guidance and control of autonomous vehicles, and to non-DoD applications such as monitoring...

Culture of Animal Cells: A Manual of Basic Technique

The most complete resource on the techniques, equipment,principles, and practices of animal cell cultureSince publication of the previous edition of this benchmark text, numerous groundbreaking advances have occurred in stem cell research, cloning, tissue...

Analysis of discrete ill-posed problems by means of the L-curve

When discrete ill-posed problems are analyzed and solved by various numerical regularization techniques, a very convenient way to display information about the regularized solution is to plot the norm or seminorm of the solution versus the norm of the...

Dynamics of mitochondrial DNA evolution in animals: amplification and sequencing with conserved primers

T. D. Kocher, W K Thomas, Axel Meyer, Scott V. Edwards, Svante Pääbo, A C Wilson

Calcium-dependent bacteriophage DNA infection

Escherichia coli cells of strain K12 and C can be made competent to take up temperate phage DNA without the use of “helper phage”. This competence is dependent on the presence of calcium ions and is effective for both linear and circular DNA molecules.

Culture, leadership, and organizations : the GLOBE study of 62 societies

Alexander Pundt, Robert J. House, Paul J. Hanges, Mansour Javidan, Peter W. Dorfman, V. Gupta

Generalized Gradient Approximation Made Simple

Generalized gradient approximations (GGA’s) for the exchange-correlation energy improve upon the local spin density (LSD) description of atoms, molecules, and solids. We present a simple derivation of a simple GGA, in which all parameters (other than...

Introduction to mathematical statistics

Robert V. Hogg, Allen T. Craig

Scanometric DNA Array Detection with Nanoparticle Probes

A method for analyzing combinatorial DNA arrays using oligonucleotide-modified gold nanoparticle probes and a conventional flatbed scanner is described here. Labeling oligonucleotide targets with nanoparticle rather than fluorophore probes substantially...

A Course in Game Theory

A Course in Game Theory presents the main ideas of game theory at a level suitable for graduate students and advanced undergraduates, emphasizing the theory's foundations and interpretations of its basic concepts. The authors provide precise definitions...

REGULATION OF IMMUNE RESPONSES BY TGF-β*

▪ Abstract The transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) family of proteins are a set of pleiotropic secreted signaling molecules with unique and potent immunoregulatory properties. TGF-β1 is produced by every leukocyte lineage, including lymphocytes,...

Alterations in Brain and Immune Function Produced by Mindfulness Meditation

Richard J. Davidson, Jon Kabat-Zinn, Jessica R. Schumacher, Melissa A. Rosenkranz, Daniel J. Müller, S. Santorelli, Ferris Urbanowski, Anne Harrington, Katherine Bonus, John F. Sheridan

Zero-forcing methods for downlink spatial multiplexing in multiuser MIMO channels

The use of space-division multiple access (SDMA) in the downlink of a multiuser multiple-input, multiple-output (MIMO) wireless communications network can provide a substantial gain in system throughput. The challenge in such multiuser systems is designing...

Rules, Discretion and Reputation in a Model of Monetary Policy

In a discretionary regime the monetary authority can print more money and create more inflation than people expect. But, although these inflation surprises can have some benefits, they cannot arise systematically in equilibrium when people understand...

Delivering quality service : balancing customer perceptions and expectations

Valarie A. Zeithaml, A. Parasuraman, Leonard L. Berry

MapReduce: simplified data processing on large clusters

MapReduce is a programming model and an associated implementation for processing and generating large data sets. Users specify a map function that processes a key/value pair to generate a set of intermediate key/value pairs, and a reduce function that...

Socioeconomic status and health. The challenge of the gradient.

Nancy E. Adler, Thomas A. Boyce, Margaret A. Chesney, Sheldon Cohen, Susan Folkman, Robert L. Kahn, S. Leonard Syme

A Multiple Testing Procedure for Clinical Trials

Peter C. O'Brien, Thomas R. Fleming

Planck 2013 results. XVI. Cosmological parameters

This paper presents the first cosmological results based on Planck measurements of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature and lensing-potential power spectra. We find that the Planck spectra at high multipoles (l greater than or similar to...

Metabolic stability and epigenesis in randomly constructed genetic nets

Proto-organisms probably were randomly aggregated nets of chemical reactions. The hypothesis that contemporary organisms are also randomly constructed molecular automata is examined by modeling the gene as a binary (on-off) device and studying the behavior...

Wireless mesh networks: a survey

Wireless mesh networks (WMNs) consist of mesh routers and mesh clients, where mesh routers have minimal mobility and form the backbone of WMNs. They provide network access for both mesh and conventional clients. The integration of WMNs with other networks...

CMOS analog circuit design

P. E. (Phillip E.) Allen, Douglas R. Holberg

Characterization of Randomly Time-Variant Linear Channels

This paper is concerned with various aspects of the characterization of randomly time-variant linear channels. At the outset it is demonstrated that time-varying linear channels (or filters) may be characterized in an interesting symmetrical manner in...

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