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Selected publications in CiteWeb

Automatic acquisition of hyponyms from large text corpora

We describe a method for the automatic acquisition of the hyponymy lexical relation from unrestricted text. Two goals motivate the approach: (i) avoidance of the need for pre-encoded knowledge and (ii) applicability across a wide range of text. We identify...

Biological Defense Mechanisms. THE PRODUCTION BY LEUKOCYTES OF SUPEROXIDE, A POTENTIAL BACTERICIDAL AGENT

As a highly reactive substance produced in biological systems by the one-electron reduction of oxygen, superoxide (O2-) seemed a likely candidate as a bactericidal agent in leukocytes. The reduction of cytochrome c, a process in which O2- may serve as...

Economic Action and Social Structure: The Problem of Embeddedness

How behavior and institutions are affected by social relations is one of the classic questions of social theory. This paper concerns the extent to which economic action is embedded in structures of social relations, in modern industrial society. Although...

EPISODIC MEMORY: From Mind to Brain

▪ Abstract Episodic memory is a neurocognitive (brain/mind) system, uniquely different from other memory systems, that enables human beings to remember past experiences. The notion of episodic memory was first proposed some 30 years ago. At that time...

A comparison of methods for multiclass support vector machines

Support vector machines (SVMs) were originally designed for binary classification. How to effectively extend it for multiclass classification is still an ongoing research issue. Several methods have been proposed where typically we construct a multiclass...

THE APPLICATION OF PETRI NETS TO WORKFLOW MANAGEMENT

Workflow management promises a new solution to an age-old problem: controlling, monitoring, optimizing and supporting business processes. What is new about workflow management is the explicit representation of the business process logic which allows for...

Active appearance models

We describe a new method of matching statistical models of appearance to images. A set of model parameters control modes of shape and gray-level variation learned from a training set. We construct an efficient iterative matching algorithm by learning...

An introduction to biometric recognition

A wide variety of systems requires reliable personal recognition schemes to either confirm or determine the identity of an individual requesting their services. The purpose of such schemes is to ensure that the rendered services are accessed only by a...

The click modular router

Clicks is a new software architecture for building flexible and configurable routers. A Click router is assembled from packet processing modules called elements . Individual elements implement simple router functions like packet classification, queuing,...

Update on the environmental and economic costs associated with alien-invasive species in the United States

Invading alien species in the United States cause major environmental damages and losses adding up to almost $120 billion per year. There are approximately 50,000 foreign species and the number is increasing. About 42% of the species on the Threatened...

Statistical methods for reliability data

William Q. Meeker, Luis A. Escobar

Multilayer feedforward networks are universal approximators

This paper rigorously establishes that standard multilayer feedforward networks with as few as one hidden layer using arbitrary squashing functions are capable of approximating any Borel measurable function from one finite dimensional space to another...

Bevacizumab plus Irinotecan, Fluorouracil, and Leucovorin for Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

background Bevacizumab, a monoclonal antibody against vascular endothelial growth factor, has shown promising preclinical and clinical activity against metastatic colorectal cancer, particularly in combination with chemotherapy. methods Of 813 patients...

Proposed experiment to test local hidden-variable theories

J.F. Clauser, Michael A. Horne, Abner Shimony, Richard A. Holt

DNA damage response as a candidate anti-cancer barrier in early human tumorigenesis

Jirina Bartkova, Zuzana Ho&rcaron, ejší, Karen Koed, Alwin Krämer, Frederic Tort, Karsten Zieger, Maxwell Sehested, Jahn M. Nesland, Claudia Lukas, Torben F. Ørntoft, Jiri Lukas, Jiri Bartek

The String-to-String Correction Problem

The string-to-string correction problem is to determine the distance between two strings as measured by the minimum cost sequence of “edit operations” needed to change the one string into the other. The edit operations investigated allow changing...

Instrumental Variables Regression with Weak Instruments

This paper develops asymptotic distribution theory for single-equation instrumental variables regression when the partial correlations between the instruments and the endogenous variables are weak, here modeled as local to zero. Asymptotic representations...

Computed Tomography — An Increasing Source of Radiation Exposure

The number of computed tomographic (CT) studies performed is increasing rapidly. Because CT scans involve much higher doses of radiation than plain films, we are seeing a marked increase in radiation exposure in the general population. Epidemiologic studies...

Evaluating the Use of Exploratory Factor Analysis in Psychological Research

Despite the widespread use of exploratory factor analysis in psychological research, researchers often make questionable decisions when conducting these analyses. This article reviews the major design and analytical decisions that must be made when conducting...

Quantum Computation with Quantum Dots

We propose an implementation of a universal set of one- and two-quantum-bit gates for quantum computation using the spin states of coupled single-electron quantum dots. Desired operations are effected by the gating of the tunneling barrier between neighboring...

Marker tracking and HMD calibration for a video-based augmented reality conferencing system

We describe an augmented reality conferencing system which uses the overlay of virtual images on the real world. Remote collaborators are represented on virtual monitors which can be freely positioned about a user in space. Users can collaboratively view...

The precuneus: a review of its functional anatomy and behavioural correlates

Functional neuroimaging studies have started unravelling unexpected functional attributes for the posteromedial portion of the parietal lobe, the precuneus. This cortical area has traditionally received little attention, mainly because of its hidden location...

The Dynamics of Productivity in the Telecommunications Equipment Industry

Technological change and deregulation have caused a major restructuring of the telecommunications equipment industry over the last two decades. We estimate the parameters of a production function for the equipment industry and then use those estimates...

Competitive Advantage Through People

Sustainable competitive advantage has proved elusive for companies in the 1990s. While making enormous investments in technology, research, and state-of-the-art marketing, many of today's managers continue to ignore the single most important factor in...

IMPURE ALTRUISM AND DONATIONS TO PUBLIC GOODS: A THEORY OF WARM-GLOW GIVING*

When people make donations to privately provided public goods, such as charity, there may be many factors influencing their decision other than altruism. Social pressure, guilt, sympathy, or simply a desire for a "warm glow" may all be important. This...

ggplot2: Elegant Graphics for Data Analysis

This book describes ggplot2, a new data visualization package for R that uses the insights from Leland Wilkisons Grammar of Graphics to create a powerful and flexible system for creating data graphics. With ggplot2, its easy to: produce handsome, publication-quality...

Bone Resorption by Osteoclasts

Osteoporosis, a disease endemic in Western society, typically reflects an imbalance in skeletal turnover so that bone resorption exceeds bone formation. Bone resorption is the unique function of the osteoclast, and anti-osteoporosis therapy to date has...

A children's global assessment scale (CGAS).

David Shaffer, Madelyn S. Gould, James Brasic, Paul J. Ambrosini, Prudence Fisher, Hector R. Bird, Satwant Aluwahlia

Social Cognitive Theory: An Agentic Perspective

▪ Abstract The capacity to exercise control over the nature and quality of one's life is the essence of humanness. Human agency is characterized by a number of core features that operate through phenomenal and functional consciousness. These include...

BIODEGRADABLE NANOPARTICLES FOR DRUG AND GENE DELIVERY TO CELLS AND TISSUE

Biodegradable nanoparticles formulated from poly ( d,l -lactide- co -glycolide) (PLGA) have been extensively investigated for sustained and targeted/localized delivery of different agents including plasmid DNA, proteins and peptides and low molecular...

The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences

The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences (or OEIS) is a database of some 130000 number sequences. It is freely available on the Web (http://www.research.att.com/~njas/sequences/) and is widely used.There are several ways in which it benefits research:...

THE GREEN FLUORESCENT PROTEIN

▪ Abstract In just three years, the green fluorescent protein (GFP) from the jellyfish Aequorea victoria has vaulted from obscurity to become one of the most widely studied and exploited proteins in biochemistry and cell biology. Its amazing ability...

The structure of turbulent boundary layers

S. J. Kline, W. C. Reynolds, F.A. Schraub, P. W. Runstadler

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