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Theories of Decision-Making in Economics and Behavioural Science

Статья нобелевского лауреата Герберта Саймона посвящена критике абсолютной рациональности и максимизирующего поведения и предложению...

An advanced culture method for generating large quantities of highly pure dendritic cells from mouse bone marrow.

As dendritic cells (DC) are rare populations in all organs, their generation from hematopoietic precursors in large quantities has proven critical to study their biology. From murine bone marrow about 5×10 6 cells at 70% purity are obtained per mouse...

Exchange Rate Dynamics Redux

Maurice Obstfeld, Kenneth Rogoff

Understanding molecular simulation: from algorithms to applications

Second and revised edition Understanding Molecular Simulation: From Algorithms to Applications explains the physics behind the "recipes" of molecular simulation for materials science. Computer simulators are continuously confronted with questions concerning...

A New Quick-Response and High-Efficiency Control Strategy of an Induction Motor

New quick-response and high-efficiency control of an induction motor, which is quite different from that of the field-oriented control is proposed. The most obvious differences between the two are as follows. 1) The proposed scheme is based on limit cycle...

Some computer science issues in ubiquitous computing

Some computer science issues in ubiquitous computing

NeuN, a neuronal specific nuclear protein in vertebrates

A battery of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against brain cell nuclei has been generated by repeated immunizations. One of these, mAb A60, recognizes a ver tebrate nervous system- and neuron-specific nuclear protein that we have named NeuN (Neuronal Nuclei)....

Reducing Mortality from Colorectal Cancer by Screening for Fecal Occult Blood

Background Although tests for occult blood in the feces are widely used to screen for colorectal cancers, there is no conclusive evidence that they reduce mortality from this cause. We evaluated a fecal occult-blood test in a randomized trial and documented...

Automatic acquisition of hyponyms from large text corpora

We describe a method for the automatic acquisition of the hyponymy lexical relation from unrestricted text. Two goals motivate the approach: (i) avoidance of the need for pre-encoded knowledge and (ii) applicability across a wide range of text. We identify...

Modular Chemistry: Secondary Building Units as a Basis for the Design of Highly Porous and Robust Metal-Organic Carboxylate Frameworks

Secondary building units (SBUs) are molecular complexes and cluster entities in which ligand coordination modes and metal coordination environments can be utilized in the transformation of these fragments into extended porous networks using polytopic...

Probing Single Molecules and Single Nanoparticles by Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering

Optical detection and spectroscopy of single molecules and single nanoparticles have been achieved at room temperature with the use of surface-enhanced Raman scattering. Individual silver colloidal nanoparticles were screened from a large heterogeneous...

CLUSTERS AND THE NEW ECONOMICS OF COMPETITION

Paradoxically, the enduring competitive advantages in a global economy lie increasingly in local things – knowledge, relationships, and motivation that distant rivals cannot match. Untangling the paradox of location in a global economy offers insights...

Weight-reducing effects of the plasma protein encoded by the obese gene.

The gene product of the ob locus is important in the regulation of body weight. The ob product was shown to be present as a 16-kilodalton protein in mouse and human plasma but was undetectable in plasma from C57BL/6J ob/ob mice. Plasma levels of this...

Elements of physical biology

Elements of physical biology

Impaired Nociception and Pain Sensation in Mice Lacking the Capsaicin Receptor

The capsaicin (vanilloid) receptor VR1 is a cation channel expressed by primary sensory neurons of the "pain" pathway. Heterologously expressed VR1 can be activated by vanilloid compounds, protons, or heat (>43 degrees C), but whether this channel contributes...

The structure of the nervous system of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans.

The structure and connectivity of the nervous system of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans has been deduced from reconstructions of electron micrographs of serial sections. The hermaphrodite nervous system has a total complement of 302 neurons, which...

Estimating Wealth Effects Without Expenditure Data—Or Tears: An Application to Educational Enrollments in States of India

Using data from India, we estimate the relationship between household wealth and children’s school enrollment. We proxy wealth by constructing a linear index from asset ownership indicators, using principal-components analysis to derive weights. In...

A SIMPLE ESTIMATOR OF COINTEGRATING VECTORS IN HIGHER ORDER INTEGRATED SYSTEMS

Efficient estimators of cointegrating vectors are presented for systems involving deterministic components and variables of differing, higher orders of integration. The estimators are computed using GLS or OLS, and Wald statistics constructed from these...

Service-oriented computing: concepts, characteristics and directions

Service-oriented computing (SOC) is the computing paradigm that utilizes services as fundamental elements for developing applications/solutions. To build the service model, SOC relies on the service oriented architecture (SOA), which is a way of reorganizing...

The Gaia Methodology for Agent-Oriented Analysis and Design

This article presents Gaia: a methodology for agent-oriented analysis and design. The Gaia methodology is both general, in that it is applicable to a wide range of multi-agent systems, and comprehensive, in that it deals with both the macro-level (societal)...

From molecular to modular cell biology

Leland H. Hartwell, Andrew W. Murray

Validation of open:closed arm entries in an elevated plus-maze as a measure of anxiety in the rat.

A novel test for the selective identification of anxiolytic and anxiogenic drug effects in the rat is described, using an elevated + -maze consisting of two open arms and two enclosed arms. The use of this test for detecting such drug effects was validated...

Self-Determination Theory and the Facilitation of Intrinsic Motivation, Social Development, and Well-Being

Human beings can be proactive and engaged or, alternatively, passive and alienated, largely as a function of the social conditions in which they develop and function. Accordingly, research guided by self-determination theo~ has focused on the social-contextual...

A survey of medical image registration

The purpose of this paper is to present a survey of recent (published in 1993 or later) publications concerning medical image registration techniques. These publications will be classified according to a model based on nine salient criteria, the main...

A Complexity Measure

This paper describes a graph-theoretic complexity measure and illustrates how it can be used to manage and control program complexity. The paper first explains how the graph-theory concepts apply and gives an intuitive explanation of the graph concepts...

High density lipoprotein as a protective factor against coronary heart disease: the Framingham Study.

Starting in 1968 2815 men and women from the Framingham Heart study cohort aged 49-82 years had their lipids and lipoproteins characterized after an overnight fast; measurements included fasting triglycerides and high-density lipoproteins (HDL) low-density...

Nomenclature of amphiboles

The introduction of a fifth amphibole group, the Na-Ca-Mg-Fe-Mn-Li group, defined by 0.50 < B(Mg, Fe2+, Mn2+, Li) < 1.50 and 0.50 < = B(Ca, Na) < = 1.50 apfu (atoms per formula unit), with members whittakerite and ottoliniite,...

The social psychology of groups

John Thibaut, Harold H. Kelley

Instance-Based Learning Algorithms

Storing and using specific instances improves the performance of several supervised learning algorithms. These include algorithms that learn decision trees, classification rules, and distributed networks. However, no investigation has analyzed algorithms...

INSOLATION VALUES FOR THE CLIMATE OF THE LAST 10 MILLION YEARS

New values for the astronomical parameters of the Earth's orbit and rotation (eccentricity, obliquity and precession) are proposed for paleoclimatic research related to the Late Miocene, the Pliocene and the Quaternary. They have been obtained from a...

Multilevel converters-a new breed of power converters

Multilevel voltage source converters are emerging as a new breed of power converter options for high-power applications. The multilevel voltage source converters typically synthesize the staircase voltage wave from several levels of DC capacitor voltages....

Design Patterns: Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software

The book is an introduction to the idea of design patterns in software engineering, and a catalog of twenty-three common patterns. The nice thing is, most experienced OOP designers will find out they've known about patterns all along. It's just that they've...

Epidemiologic Study of Sleep Disturbances and Psychiatric Disorders: An Opportunity for Prevention?

As part of the National Institute of Mental Health Epidemiologic Catchment Area study, 7954 respondents were questioned at baseline and 1 year later about sleep complaints and psychiatric symptoms using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule. Of this community...

Geodesic Active Contours

A novel scheme for the detection of object boundaries is presented. The technique is based on active contours evolving in time according to intrinsic geometric measures of the image. The evolving contours naturally split and merge, allowing the simultaneous...

The twenty-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale. I: Item selection and cross-validation of the factor structure

Addressing shortcomings of the self-report Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS), two studies were conducted to reconstruct the item domain of the scale. The first study resulted in the development of a new twenty-item version of the scale—the TAS-20. The...

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